Saturday, May 24, 2008

Abel Prize

John Griggs Thompson and Jacques Tits accepted the 6 million kroner (US$1.2 million, euro756,000) Abel Prize for mathematics on Tuesday at a ceremony praising their achievements.Norway's King Harald V gave the awards to John Griggs Thompson 75who teaches at the University of Florida, and Belgian-born Jacques Tits 77 a professor emeritus at College de France in Paris who became a French citizen in 1974.they shared the prize for their outstanding achievements in algebra and especially for their shaping of modern group theory.The theory — also called the science of symmetries — can solve such everyday challenges such as a Rubik's Cube, or be used in physics, computer science and geometry.The Abel Prize was created by the Norwegian government and named after 19th-century Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel. It was first awarded in 2003.theory could be used to solve the famous Rubik's Cube, a mechanical puzzle with six sides, each divided into smaller cubes of differing colors. Group theory would allow a mathematician to calculate the number and order of rotations needed to get each of the six sides to be a specific solid color.Thomas, a native of Ottawa, Kansas, graduated from Yale University in 1955, and received his doctorate from the University of Chicago in 1959. He taught at Harvard University and then at the University of Chicago, before moving to Britain, where he spent 23 years teaching at the University of Cambridge. He now lives in Florida.Tits was born on near Brussels, Belgium. He was admitted to the Free University of Brussels at age 14, and received his doctorate at the age of 20. He also taught there, and at the University of Bonn in 1964, before he accepted the chair of group theory in the College de France 1973, a post he held until he retired in 2000.Last year's prize went to Indian-born New York University professor Srinivasa S.R. Varadhan

No comments: